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The Sea Snake Assemblage in the Muar Estuary

To the right - Enhydrina schistosa. Photo credit: Aaron Lobo

The first major survey of marine snakes was published by Malcolm Smith and covered the coastal areas of the Gulf of Thailand and the Malay Peninsula between 1915 and 1918 and yielded a collection of 548 sea snakes representing 17 species. These snakes were obtained as by-catch from local coastal fisherman using a variety of fishing techniques. In the late 1930’s and early 1940’s Bergman reported on another large collection of marine snakes from coastal areas near Sourabaya (Surabaya, Java). The collections were made by local fisherman between 1936 and 1942, and consisted of 984 specimens representing six species (3 or more additional species were “disregarded” due to rarity). This collection may represent the first major collection of marine snakes in which all specimens from a single coastal area were caught, retained and identified, thus providing both the species richness and some data on relative abundance.


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